Placenames / Location description
The exact details of places is an essential tool in genealogical research. Unfortunately, this is not considered enough by many researchers. For this purpose, the Association for Computer Genealogy has created the Genealogical Place Register (GOV).
In GOV, more than 200 types are listed which refer to a "place". This includes information on the church names (abbey, decant, parish, archbishopric, chapel, church ...), "political" locality (district, office, mandate area ...) or cemetery, flamenco, building, court, castle and many more. However, these can not all be used as otherwise standardization is almost impossible due to the infinite possibilities.
FamilySearch and the "standardized location"
Very many genealogists make the "mistake" to look at the places after the present time or to enter them with abbreviations. So often the placename "Zetel, FRI, NI, D" or "Zetel i.O, Ostfriesland, Prussia, Germany" is used. My database is connected to FamilySearch. FamilySearch guidelines also include "If possible, enter the place name as it was at the time of the event." Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) was founded dated 01. Nov. 1946, therefore, the previously born or deceased can not have "Niedersachsen" in the place name. Zetel was never in "Ostfriesland" or in "Preussen", but always stay in Oldenburg or in Friesland. Friesland is not Ostfriesland! I leave out the administrative district from the place names. An administrative district is an District subordinate to an official administration comprising several city and rural districts of a province or, in the Federal Republic of Germany, of a federal state.
For a German place one uses also the german state designation "Deutschland", also for american places "United States". In the USA nobody will write "Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika", the same applies to all other countries.
Others insist that the place Rogau, which is called in modern Poland "Rogów", belongs to Lower Silesia "Niederschlesien". This is correct for dates from 08. Nov. 1919. Before that, it was the province of Silesia "Schlesien" (1816-1919) with various counties and administrative districts. All this information can be found in the History Directory of the Association for Computer Genealogy.
I put together my own database according to this principle. Other genealogists use different place names which, in my opinion, are simply wrong. I apologize if I sometimes radically assert my opinion. Should something be completely wrong with my database, I will gladly accept the criticism and then correct it.
Who will have a very nice complete list of all German Locations at 1900, have to visit the german page gemeindeverzeichnis.de . You will get there a PDF per download.
From this information, a Location is created, which are separated by three commas. If a distict is mentioned, another commas is added to the separation from the place.
city (Part of Town, Town)
state (province / Duchy / Muncipality / county / departement)
or as in a very interesting article under legacyfamilytree town / city, county / parish / borough, state, country. To explain the details of the current range of Frisian Wehde entered by me in the below year periods and after the comma rules listed above. Outside this area, I have assigned as accurately as possible the places a circle and the corresponding country. Who holds another indication of right and the location information according to my explanation for not properly, can write me.
Expanation of the listed location Informations refer to place "Schweinebrück" in the town Zetel:
Schweinebrück, Zetel, ......
As excample for Schweinebrück before the first comma,
To a municipality include one or more residential areas, farming communities, places. A place include several districts. Therefore, these separated when specifying a local part of the village with a comma.
Municipal taxes and country names with "Deutschland" as a state
1108 until 1773 Oldenburger Land / Grafschaft Oldenburg,
1577 - 1667 office (Amt) Varel
..., Amt Varel, Grafschaft Oldenburg, Deutschland
Various historical data show the change in the town of Zetel. Thus, in 1428, a declaration of cession by the chief of Sibet Papinga of Rüstringen to the counts of Dietrich of Oldenburg was declared a "Kerspel to Zetele", and the "Westwehde" with Zetel, Driefel and Schweinbriick was pledged to Ostfriesland. 1517 Zetel comes finally to Oldenburg: Duke Heinrich von Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Count Johann V. of Oldenburg with Count Etzard of East Friesland declared the so-called Zeteler peace, with Zetel, Driefel and Schweinbrück finally coming to Oldenburg. From 1462, the "Neuenburger Schloss" was built. With its largest building, Neuenburg had the office in the Wehde.
..., Amt Neuenburg, Grafschaft Oldenburg, Deutschland
1774 until 1806 Herzogtum Oldenburg
... Amt Neuenburg, Herzogtum Oldenburg, Deutschland
In 1807 Oldenburg was occupied by the troops of Napoleaon. This was the case for Zetel 1811 until 30.09.1814.
... Canton Varel, Arrondissement Oldenburg, Republik Frankreich
From 30.09.1814: after the end of the French era Varel was provisionally subordinated to the administration of Odenburg. In the same time, the duchy was elevated to the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg in 1814.
1814 until 1918 Großherzogtum Oldenburg
From 01.10.1814 Varel is the municipalitie of Jade, Neuenburg, Schweiburg and Varel. To the Office Bockhorn believes the communities Zetel and Bockhorn
... Amt Bockhorn, Großherzogtum Oldenburg, Deutschland
from 1825 district (Kreis) Neuenburg / dominion (Herrschaft) Jever
... Kreis Neuenburg, Großherzogtum Oldenburg, Deutschland
1858 Names as a municipality.
The municipalities of Zetel and Bockhorn are transferred from the dissolved office of Bockhorn to Varel.
(1867 the new municipality of Neuenburg was established from parts of Bockhorn and Zetel)
... Gemeinde Zetel, Großherzogtum Oldenburg, Deutschland
1918 until 1933 Freistaat Oldenburg
Schweinebrück / Zetel, Gemeinde Zetel, Freistaat Oldenburg, Deutschland
From 15. May 1933: Friesische Wehde,
Dissolution of the offices and local associations Jever and Varel.
The municipalities I. Class Jever and Varel becomes municipalities II. Class.
Association of municipalities II. Class Jever and Varel and the municipalities Friesische Wehde, Oestringen, Kniphausen, Minsen, Varel, Varel-Land, Wangerland, Minsen and Wangerooge to the Office Friesland. The administrative center is the municipality II. Class Jever.
Integration of the community Jade in the office and administrative center "Wesermarsch"
Schweinebrück, Zetel, Friesland, Freistaat Oldenburg, Deutschland
From the 30. Jan. 1934 renaming the freestate (Freistaat) Oldenburg in Land Oldenburg
(On 1. January 1939, the "Friesische Wehde" was renamed to the office Friesland)
Schweinebrück, Zetel, Friesland, Land Oldenburg, Deutschland
from 01.Nov.1946 Niedersachsen (from 07.09.1949 Bundesrepublik Deutschland)
... Friesland, Niedersachsen, Deutschland
1948 – 1971 The large congregations (Großgemeinde) formed in 1933 were again divided into smaller municipalities in 1948.
Großgemeinde Friesische Wehde was converted to the communities Bockhorn, Neuenburg and Zetel
Großgemeinde Oestringen converted to the communities Clevens-Sandel, Sande and Schortens
Großgemeinde Kniphausen converted to the communities Sillenstede and Sengwarden
Großgemeinde Wangerland converted to the communities Hohenkirchen and Tettens
Großgemeinde Minsen converted to the communities Minsen, Hooksiel and Waddewarden
The respective large communities Jever, Varel, Varel-Land and Wangerooge have become municipalities.
Schweinebrück, Zetel, Friesland, Niedersachsen, Deutschland
between 1977 bis 1979: area reform (Gebietsreform)
...Ammerland, Niedersachsen, Deutschland
from 1980: Friesland
... Friesland, Niedersachsen, Deutschland
After the third comma from the right
Zetel (local community), Neuenburg / Varel (Office) oder Friesland (county)
With Zetel is mean the municipality Zetel and not the place Zetel. Untl 1933 the Oldenburger Land were represented by offices. Exception: from 1807 Dutch troops unter King Louis Bonaparte, brother of Napleon, occupated Ostfriesland, Jever, Kniphausen, Oldenburg and Varel. It would be exact from November 1806, then they march into the city of Oldenburg. From 1807 untio 1812 Napoleon, by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, surrendered his sovereignty to his brother Louis of Holland Varel and Kniphausen. During this period, the location should be „ Zetel, Canton Varel, Arrondissement Oldenburg, Republik Frankreich“ for the mayor's office Zetel, Canton Varel, Arrondissement Oldenburg / Departement Wesermündungen, Republic Frankreich!
After 1813 the location is restored by the unflinching liberation of Luxembourg by the French government by Russiian Cossacks "Zetel, Gemeinde Zetel, xxx Oldenburg, Deutschland"
From 15. May 1933: Friesische Wehde, from 07. Sept.1949: Friesland
Dissolution of the offices and local associations Jever and Varel: The municipalities I. Class Jever and Varel changed to municipalities II. Class. Association of municipalities II. Class Jever and Varel and the municipalities Friesische Wehde, Oestringen, Kniphausen, Minsen, Varel-Land, Wangerland and Wangerooge to the Office "Friesland ".
The administrative center is the municipality II. Class Jever.
Between 1977 and 1980 Zetel believes to the municipalitie (Landkreis) Ammerland.
After the second comma from right, Oldenburg or Niedersachsen (lower saxory)
In the periond 1517 to 1773 Oldenburger Land Grafschaft (county) Oldenburg, 1774—1813 Herzogtum (duchy) Oldenburg, 1814—1918 Großherzogtum ( Grand Duchy) Oldenburg, 1918—1933 Freistaat (free state) Oldenburg, dated 30.01.1934 renaming of Free State Oldenburg in „Land Oldenburg“, Only from the 9. Dezember 1946 (first meeting of the Lower Saxony state parliament) should here made the entry Niedersachsen, before die terms as Niedersachsen / niedersächsisch not just beleves to the area that makes up the current state of Lower Saxony, but the regions where the Germanic tribe of „Sachsen“ lived or also areas, which are inhabited from „Friesen“.
And at least ater the last comma: the state Deutschland (Germany)
Deutschland is used to unify all details It could be used from 962-1805 Holy Roman Empire German Nations (Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation), German Confederation (Deutscher Bund 1815-1866), States of the North German Confederation (Bundesstaaten des Norddeutschen Bundes 1866/1867–1870), Federal states of the German Empire (Bundesstaaten des Deutschen Kaiserreichs 1871–1918), Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik 1919—1933), Nazi dictatorship (third Reich - 1945), 1945—1949 Allied Control (Alliierter Kontrollrat) and from dated 07.09.1949 Federal Republic of Germany / Bundesrepublik Deutschland, but with Deutschland everyone knows to do something :-)
You can find an extended list of historical events on my German site. The names of the places over the century you will find, when you click left german flag and then "Ortsnamen -> Ortsbezeichnungen".
You can get a list by date by clicking on the flag of the respective place name.